Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

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Prognosis and Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD

The course of the illness varies. Some people recover within 6 months, while others have symptoms that last much longer. In some people, the condition becomes chronic, while in others symptoms may be completely alleviated.

Currently, people with PTSD may be treated with psychotherapy, neurofeedback, medications, or a combination of these.

Psychotherapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) teaches different ways of thinking and reacting to the frightening events that trigger PTSD symptoms and can help bring those symptoms under control. There are several types of CBT, including

  • Exposure Therapy
    • Uses mental imagery, writing, or visiting the scene of a trauma to help survivors face and gain control of overwhelming fear and distress
  • Cognitive Restructuring
    • Encourages survivors to talk about upsetting (often incorrect) thoughts about the trauma, question those thoughts, and replace them with more balanced and correct ones.
  • Stress Inoculation Training
    • Teaches anxiety reduction techniques and coping skills to reduce PTSD symptoms, and helps correct inaccurate thoughts related to the trauma.

Neurofeedback

The results of controlled studies, as well as clinical experience with neurofeedback therapy have been tremendously encouraging. People who have been suffering from PTSD for ten and twenty years are often completely relieved of their symptoms.

Psychological tests have shown that the person becomes dramatically less anxious, less depressed, and more comfortable and relaxed. As memory is regained, the traumatic incidents can be discussed with others, grieved over, and finally put aside as sad, but no longer terrifying or threatening memories. As this occurs the person can normalize their social and individual life and go about the business of living without the fear, anxiety, and depression which was previously a constant companion.

Other Useful Links regarding PTSD

 
     
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