Autism

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Autism Diagnostic Procedures

Autism specialists may use the following methods to diagnose autism

  • Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)
  • Observations evaluating language, behavior, and development
  • Neurological Tests
  • Structured Interviews with parents
  • Standardized Rating Scales
    • Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), developed by Eric Schopler in the early 1970s, is based on observed behavior. Using a 15-point scale, professionals evaluate a child's relationship to people, body use, adaptation to change, listening response, and verbal communication.
    • Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) is used to screen for autism at 18 months of age. It was developed by Simon Baron-Cohen in the early 1990s to see if autism could be detected in children as young as 18 months. The screening tool uses a short questionnaire with two sections, one prepared by the parents, the other by the child's family doctor or pediatrician.
    • The Autism Screening Questionnaire is a 40 item screening scale that has been used with children four and older to help evaluate communication skills and social functioning.
    • The Screening Test for Autism in Two-Year Olds is being developed by Wendy Stone at Vanderbilt and uses direct observations to study behavioral features in children under two. She has identified three skills areas that seem to indicate autism - play, motor imitation, and joint attention.

Other Useful Links about Autism

  • Autism Overview
    • Autism is a neurological and developmental disorder that is associated with social, communication, sensory, behavioral and cognitive impairments, as well as restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, activities, or interests. Navigate to the Autism page for more information.
  • Signs of Autism
    • Please refer to the signs of autism page that outlines communication, socialization, and sensory characteristics that are common in children on the autism spectrum. This is not intended to help diagnose a child.
  • Autism Therapy
    • Learn more about various therapies for autism; including play therapy, family therapy, neurofeedback and many more options.
  • Autism Treatments
    • Read more about various autism treatments, that include such things as integrative medicine approaches, diets, dietary supplements, and body work.
  • Rare Conditions with Autistic-Like Features
  • Additional Diagnosis Associated with Autism
  • Basic Neurology
 
 
     
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